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Faced with digital giants, cryptocurrency enthusiasts claim the deployment of a decentralized web, belonging to its users and on which everyone could freely share their opinion. But this vision based on the blockchain, which can generate inequalities and scams, ignites the debates.
Only the light from the slides pierces the darkness of the room. Gavin Wood, however, keeps his sunglasses in place on the top of his head. In this month of October 2017, the co-founder of Ethereum – the second cryptocurrency after Bitcoin – is about to give a speech for the first time that he is more used to giving in front of friends. “At the back of a pub, a beer in hand”, he jokes. Here, no pint but a microphone. And a public who came to attend a conference dedicated to the management of crypto-assets. In the preamble, he warns: “It’s going to sound drastic to most people in attendance.” Nevertheless, the former Microsoft employee has deployed his vision of the future of the Internet, that of Web3. Which is far from what the screens of Internet users displayed at the time.
With Web 1.0, the first sites and blogs appeared at the end of the 90s, created by a few geeks. Today’s Web 2.0 allows everyone to create content online with social networks. However, since the early 2000s, it has also seen the emergence of digital giants (Facebook, Google, Amazon, etc.) and, with them, a disrespectful centralization of personal data as well as…