Each Guadeloupean emits 2.3 tons of CO2 per year for their food

It is this figure which specifies the carbon footprint of each individual, due to the conditions of production and the importation of these foodstuffs or the inputs necessary for the producers. Result of a study by Ademe, to reflect on a more sustainable diet.

A quarter of greenhouse gas emissions in France are due to what we eat. Only 8% of our expenses for food are paid to farmers… These data, which come from ADEME (French Environment and Energy Management Agency) We demonstrate that it is necessary today to assess the energy and carbon footprints of our food to better define the actions to be implemented for a more sustainable food model.

According to the ADEME report on “the environmental impact of food in overseas territories” (published in May 2022), each Guadeloupean emits 2.3 tons of CO² per year for their food. This is the same quantity as to produce 141 smartphones!!

First, let’s talk about what we eat. A Guadeloupean’s plate consists of 26% fresh, frozen or dried fruit and vegetables. And that represents 6% on the carbon impact.

The consumption of meat, fish or animal products also represents a quarter of the weight of our plate. On the other hand, the carbon impact is ten times higher than the fruit and vegetable plate, 63%.

Another observation, the informal supply, that is to say the fact of obtaining fruits and vegetables thanks to donations or personal production, this supply is important but, it is clear that it remains insufficient because our dependency rate real food thanks to imports still amount to 82%.

And among the imported foods that have a high carbon impact are sugary drinks, cereal-based preparations, the cereals themselves and rice. Finally, the third observation, and we should not think that this is due to transport, sea or air, since 94% of Guadeloupe’s carbon footprint, in fact depends on the production itself, whether it is imported or local.

Transport only weighs 6% in Guadeloupe’s carbon footprint. this means that local production itself depends on imports: imports of raw materials, animal feed, fertilizers…


Still according to this ADEME study, 79% of food waste in Guadeloupe leads to annual production losses, 19% of what is thrown away at home. Note also that 22% of canteen meals are thrown away.

ADEME therefore recommends reducing the share of meat on our plates, reducing the share of imported industrial products, increasing the share of local fruits and vegetables, but Guadeloupe’s food autonomy will also pass, and this is not negligible, by the autonomy in fertilizers and food for the animals.

discarded fruits and vegetables

On March 25, market gardeners dumped some of their produce to protest against the closure of the Gourde-Liane market.

©J. Champion

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